Then once more, behind this and different soundings which Woolley made at Ur, there was a clearly conceived and logical objective, which had urged itself to his energetic thoughts on the very outset of his work. Quickly after his work at Ur began, he had collaborated with H. R. Corridor within the excavation of the little mound known as Al’Ubaid, which is simply seen from the summit of the Ur zigguTat. Between them they uncovered the brick platform which had supported a Sumerian temple;three and so they recovered from it the magnificent architectural ornaments, a few of that are to be seen within the British Museum. However whereas this work was in progress, Woolley additionally minimize a trench into the stays of a prehistoric settlement which unfold out eastward from the foot of the temple mound.
He discovered the painted pottery and reed huts of a pre-Sumerian individuals; and since there gave the impression to be nothing however clear soil for 3 or 4 ft beneath them, he concluded that these early settlers had occupied a pure island within the drying marshes of Mesopotamia. Within the skilled controversies that continued for a few years after this discovery was made, it got here familiarly to be known as “operation huts-in-the-marshes”: and it’ll presently be attainable to see how, on this event, a too-impulsive conclusion quickly distorted the historic image which he was making an attempt to reconstruct.
However for the second Woolley was fairly rightly obsessed by the need for courting the epoch to which these marsh-dwellers belonged and giving them their appropriate place in a correctly authenticated stratigraphical sequence. This was the principle objective of his soundings at Ur itself.
Supplemented by proof from prehistoric soundings
They had been fully profitable. Supplemented by proof from prehistoric soundings at different websites resembling Jemdet Nasr and Warka, they established an entire sequence of prehistoric cultures, of which for the second the “Al’Ubaid tradition” was the earliest. And if, in his so-called “Flood Pit”, similar traces of the “huts-in-the-marshes” appeared above and beneath what was known as the “Flood deposit”, these phrases had been solely meant for publicity functions: and for archaeologists his part already envisaged an attention-grabbing sub-division of his Al’Ubaid interval into distinct
So right here had been the 2 sides of Woolley’s work: an enchantment to the general public by way of interpretation and presentation of his outcomes (with undoubted academic benefits along with their sensible objective of acquiring funds); and behind this the affected person and meticulous work of a analysis scholar. The outcomes of twelve seasons of arduous digging at Ur alone might be seen in his publications.