This constructing got here to be known as Temple VI, due to the 5 later platforms which clustered spherical it. It was not after all the earliest basis of Enki’s shrine. After clearing and recording it we discovered one other comparable constructing beneath; and shortly we have been concerned within the acquainted process of inspecting one temple after one other, proper all the way down to the deepest ranges of town’s earliest stays.
Temple XVI was the earliest constructing recognisable as a non secular shrine and definitely the earliest but present in Mesopotamia. It was a tiny constructing; not more than 5 yards sq., with a single doorway, altar and offering-table. Nevertheless it was already constructed of sun- dried brick. Beneath it was clear sand, after penetrating into which for one more fifteen ft, the hazard of a collapse within the partitions of the sounding grew to become so nice that it had lastly to be deserted. I don’t personally assume that, if we had been in a position to proceed, we must always once more have discovered traces of human habitation beneath. For it will be logical for these settlements to have been constructed on the primary sand-dunes to seem within the marshes.
We had learnt a lot from the sounding
In any case, we had learnt a lot from the sounding. For the painted pottery within the temples had handed by way of three successive phases. First, in Temples VI and VH there was regular Al’Ubaid pottery resembling was discovered within the settlement at Al’Ubaid itself and at ’Uqair. Secondly, in Temples VTO-XEI, there was extra elaborately painted ware, which has parallels at Tepe Gawra in north Iraq. And thirdly, in Temples XTV-XVI we discovered a fairly completely different and earlier pottery, known as by the Germans after the village the place it was first discovered by them, Qal’at-Hajj-Mohammed.1 This sequence was to show vital. When, simply earlier than his dying, Woolley got here to publish the outcomes of his deepest sounding at Ur (with the high quality, clear part which we’ve got already talked about in one other connection), it might be seen that he additionally had divided his Al’Ubaid pottery into three phases. The pottery of the earliest part, fragments of which have been discovered beneath the so-called Flood deposit, included a great deal of Qal’at-Hajj- Mohammed ware. Not a lot of this was illustrated in his publication; however one instantly seen that a few of it was recorded as having been picked up on the floor at AVUbaid. Certainly this should imply that he had given up his excavation of the settlement at Al’Ubaid too quickly.
The poor wattle and daub shanties “huts within the marshes”, as he known as them which he excavated simply beneath the floor of the settlement hill, have been solely the decadent aftermath of a village, whose, life, if he had penetrated deeper, he might have adopted again by way of all three phases which we discovered at Eridu.