Deatails of the Grave

Burial Appurtenances

In the second group of graves there are skeletons lying on their backs but stretched in different positions. Most frequently the upper limbs are placed over the chest or the stomach, but in some rare cases they are stretched alongside the corpse. The legs are parallel to each other and stretched out. The burial appurtenances are placed according to their everyday functions. Around and behind the head the earthenware is laid, the tools are close to the upper limbs or on the chest and the decorations are in accordance with their designation.

There are no significant differences in the quantity and kinds of appurtenances in the various graves. So far the particularly rich burial No. 43 is an exception. It was unearthed in the neighborhood of the other rich symbolic graves. The gold finds in it alone number 990 and weigh 1518 g. The jewelry and tools indicate that here was buried the corpse of a man of exclusively high rank. A copper and a flint point of a spear, the studding’s of quivers and a bow and a large flint knife show that the man held the rank of a chieftain. The most characteristic feature pointing to his high rank is the scepter placed in his right hand and resting on his right shoulder. The scepter is in the form of a bone ax, gold tipped and with several gold tubular decorations and loops with which the handle was plated. Besides all that has been said so far, there should also be mention of the athletic figure he surely had, according to the anatomical researches and his relatively outstanding height at that time – 171-175 cm.

Anthropological researches

In the third group of graves the skeletons were lying bent, only a few of them being placed in positions turned on their right sides, only a few of them were placed on their left sides or lying face downwards. There were no considerable variations in respect to the appurtenances in comparison with graves with stretched-out skeletons. Anthropological researches into some of the bones show that most of those buried in a bent position had been women, while those in a stretched-out position had been men. Possibly, because of this difference in the graves with skeletons in a bent position, there have been found fewer axes and bone implements, while in most of them there are needles and bodkins, which are bound up with work done by women.

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